Recent Updates

Maresal

Description

To increase the Romanian army's anti-tank capability, after encountering the Soviet T-34 and KV-1, it was decided to build a self-propelled anti-tank gun, the Maresal (Romanian for Marshal, the highest military rank in Romania).

The Maresal was based on the T-60 chassis, of which the Romanians had captured several of, some of which were used for the TACAM T-60 tank destroyer. It mounted a Romanian-build 75 mm anti-tank gun (though a 122 mm howitzer with hollow-charge ammunition was also suggested early in the design process). The T-60 engine was replaced with a more powerful French one, and it featured all-round well-sloped armour (though it was too thin to stand up against any Soviet anti-tank guns).

The Maresal never went beyond prototype stage, as Romania turned to the Allied side in 1944, after which development was abandoned.

The Maresal was very similar to the German Jagdpanzer 38. There is some debate as to whether the Jagdpanzer 38 was inspired by the Maresal, as the Romanian design team showed their plans to the Germans around the same time as the Germans presented their own plans for the Jagdpanzer 38.

Technical Details

Maresal
Crew
Crew 2
Physical Characteristics
Weight 10 t
Length 5.8 m
Width 2.44 m
Height 1.54 m
Armour
Armour (range) 10-20 mm
Performance
Speed (max) 45 km/h
Engine
Engine Hotchkiss H-39
Net h.p. 120
Armament
Primary weapon 75 mm DT-UDR 25 (1)
Secondary weapon 7.92 mm ZB-53 (1)

Images

Frontal view of the Maresal prototype.

Further Reading

Sources

  1. Maresal [Online]. Available from: <http://www.worldwar2.ro/arme/?language=en&article=244>.
  2. JENTZ, Tom, DOYLE, Hilary & BADROCKE, Mike. Jagdpanzer 38 "Hetzer", 1944-1945. Oxford : Osprey Publishing, 2001. 48 p. ISBN: 1-84176-135-4.