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40M Turán I

Description

The 40M Turán I was a Hungarian-built medium tank. It was based on the Škoda-designed T-22, a successor to the Lehký tank LT vz. 35 light tank. After the German invasion of Czechoslovakia, and Hungary's alignment with the Axis, two T-22 prototypes were sent to Hungary.

The design of the T-22 was improved, but was already obsolete by the time it entered production in October 1941. It was given to the 1st and 2nd Hungarian armoured divisions, as well as the 1st Hungarian cavalry division in 1943. It did not see action until 1944, however, and then only with poor results, being completely outclassed by the Russian T-34, despite having had its frontal armour increased to 67 mm. A total of 285 40M Turán I's were built.

To increase the firepower of the Turán, the 41M Turan II was designed and build, fielding larger-caliber gun. In addition, the chassis was used for the 43M Zrínyi II assault gun.

Technical Details

40M Turán I
Crew
Crew 5
Physical Characteristics
Weight 18.2 t
Length 5.68 m
Width 2.54 m
Height 2.33 m
Armour
Armour (range) 14-50 mm
Performance
Speed (max) 47 km/h
Engine
Engine Manfred Weiss-Z
Net h.p. 260
Cylinders 8
Armament
Primary weapon 47 mm Škoda A11 (1)
Secondary weapon 7.92 mm machine gun (2)

Images

Side view of a 40M Turan I.

Further Reading

Sources

  1. FOSS, Christopher F. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicles : The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armoured Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day. Staplehurst : Spellmount, 2003. 544p. ISBN: 1-86277-188-7.